## Abstract

Advances in numerical algorithms for Inverse problems has led to significant leaps in our ability to model complex situations of importance. Nonetheless, there is still a strong need for analytical approaches that can be used to calibrate/validate numerical simulations since the old adage of Trust, but Verify is sound advice. Moreover, access to Inverse codes is often limited despite a strong need. Fortunately, generalized Inverse formulations capable of good approximations can be obtained for linear problems by using a known Direct solution. Duhamel's Integral (convolution) and a systems Unit Response are first employed to derive a Direct solution, with generality maintained via an arbitrary function with coefficients such as polynomials to described the time-dependent boundary condition. For the ensuing Inverse problem, the Direct solution in the form of a more complex polynomial with its coefficients now considered unknown are then used to enforce remotely measured data using the Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm. Once the coefficients are determined, the original function (polynomial or alternative) now describes the unknown boundary condition. Intriguingly, an approximate Inverse Laplace Transform method applied to the Convolution Integral allows for relatively simple formulations for both the Direct and Inverse problems; for this approximation, only the remotely measured data along with the Unit Response as the solitary system information are required. However, the predicted boundary temperature history tends to be shifted forward in time indicating the influence of the thermal thickness and will also reflect any errors in the data. Accuracy can be enhanced by correcting (back-shifting) for the penetration time to the measurement depth and/or using least-squares smoothing. When the various generalized solutions were used for a plate and a thick-cylinder with a time-dependent thermal boundary-condition on one surface and convection on the other, good-to-excellent Inverse predictions were observed; the methods can be adapted so that remotely measured and near instantaneous surface-strains can also be used to determine an unknown surface temperature history. Finally, the convolution-based approach can easily be adapted for 1-degree of freedom vibration problems.

Original language | English (US) |
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Article number | 012013 |

Journal | Journal of Physics: Conference Series |

Volume | 2444 |

Issue number | 1 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 2023 |

Event | 10th International Conference on Inverse Problems in Engineering, ICIPE 2022 - Francavilla al Mare, Italy Duration: May 15 2022 → May 19 2022 |

## All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

- General Physics and Astronomy