The seasons of a CEO's tenure.

Donald C. Hambrick, G. D. Fukutomi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

710 Scopus citations


This article proposes a model of the dynamics of the CEO's tenure in office. The central argument is that there are discernible phases, or seasons, within an executive's tenure in a position, and that these seasons give rise to distinct patterns of executive attention, behavior, and, ultimately, organizational performance. The five delineated seasons are (a) response to mandate, (b) experimentation, (c) selection of an enduring theme, (d) convergence, and (e) dysfunction. The theoretical and practical implications of the model are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)719-742
Number of pages24
JournalAcademy of management review. Academy of Management
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1 1991

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Business, Management and Accounting
  • Strategy and Management
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


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