The selenoprotein P-LRP5/6-WNT3A complex promotes tumorigenesis in sporadic colorectal cancer

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Abstract

Some studies suggest that the trace element selenium protects against colorectal cancer (CRC). However, the contribution of selenoprotein P (SELENOP), a unique selenocysteine-containing protein, to sporadic colorectal carcinogenesis challenges this paradigm. SELENOP is predominately secreted by the liver but is also expressed in various cells of the small intestine and colon in mice and humans. In this issue of the JCI, Pilat et al. demonstrate that increased SELENOP expression promoted the progression of conventional adenomas to carcinoma. SELENOP functioned as a modulator of canonical WNT signaling activity through interactions with WNT3A and its coreceptor LDL receptor-related protein 5/6 (LRP5/6). Secreted SELENOP formed a concentration gradient along the gut crypt axis, which might amplify WNT signaling activity by binding to LRPL5/6. The mechanism for WNT control via SELENOP may affect colorectal tumorigenesis and provide therapeutic targets for CRC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere171885
JournalJournal of Clinical Investigation
Volume133
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 3 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Medicine

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