The self-managed team and tori theory

Ali Al-Kazemi, Gary Zajac

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


This article re-examines the theoretical foundation of self-directed teamwork theory in light of current developments in organizational America, and suggests propositions about the relationship between teamwork and organizational policies such as downsizing. Teamwork is the exercise of creativity and autonomy by employees in pursuit of organizational goals. Effective teamwork requires a sense of trust and inclusion on the part of these employees. Organizational practices such as downsizing and contingent labor can erode this trust. If organizations wish to avoid undermining the financial, productivity and morale gains of teamwork, while observing their broader social responsibilities, they should reconsider their reliance upon downsizing and contingent workforces as a quick and dirty means of achieving cost savings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)70-87
Number of pages18
JournalInternational Journal of Commerce and Management
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1998

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Business and International Management
  • Strategy and Management


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