The spatial viscous instability of axisymmetric jets

Philip J. Morris

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The stability of three axisymmetric jet profiles is reviewed. These profiles represent the development of an incompressible jet from a nearly top-hat profile to a fully developed jet profile. The disturbance equations for arbitrary mode number in a region of zero shear, which provide the boundary conditions for the numerical solution, are solved analytically through use of the disturbance vorticity equations. Numerical solutions for the spatial stability for the axisymmetric (n = 0) disturbance and the asymmetric n = l disturbance are presented. Previously published calculations of least stable modes are shown to be incorrectly interpreted and their actual mode types are given. The critical Reynolds number is found to increase as the profile varies from a top-hat to a fully developed jet form. Closed contours of constant amplification, which are unusual in free shear flows, are shown to exist for the n = 1 disturbance in the fully developed jet region. A fluctuation energy balance is used to justify the occurrence of this destabilizing effect of decreasing Reynolds number.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)511-529
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Fluid Mechanics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Oct 1976

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


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