The TRAPPIII subunit, Trs85, has a dual role in the trafficking of cellulose synthase complexes in Arabidopsis

Holly Allen, Xiaoyu Zhu, Shundai Li, Ying Gu

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Plant cell walls are essential for defining plant growth and development, providing structural support to the main body and responding to abiotic and biotic cues. Cellulose, the main structural polymer of plant cell walls, is synthesized at the plasma membrane by cellulose synthase complexes (CSCs). The construction and transport of CSCs to and from the plasma membrane is poorly understood but is known to rely on the coordinated activity of cellulose synthase-interactive protein 1 (CSI1), a key regulator of CSC trafficking. In this study, we found that Trs85, a TRAPPIII complex subunit, interacted with CSI1 in vitro. Using functional genetics and live-cell imaging, we have shown that trs85-1 mutants have reduced cellulose content, stimulated CSC delivery, an increased population of static CSCs and deficient clathrin-mediated endocytosis in the primary cell wall. Overall, our findings suggest that Trs85 has a dual role in the trafficking of CSCs, by negatively regulating the exocytosis and clathrin-mediated endocytosis of CSCs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPlant Journal
StateAccepted/In press - 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Genetics
  • Plant Science
  • Cell Biology

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