The twelve-flavor β-function and dilaton tests of the sextet scalar

Zoltan Fodor, Kieran Holland, Julius Kuti, Daniel Nogradi, Chik Him Wong

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30 Scopus citations


We discuss near-conformal gauge theories beyond the standard model (BSM) where interesting results on the twelve-flavor β-function of massless fermions in the fundamental representation of the SU(3) color gauge group and dilaton tests of the light scalar with two massless fermions in the two-index symmetric tensor (sextet) representation can be viewed as parts of the same BSM paradigm under investigation. The clear trend in the decreasing size of β-functions at fixed renormalized gauge coupling is interpreted as a first indicator how the conformal window (CW) is approached in correlation with emergent near-conformal light scalars. BSM model building close to the CW will be influenced by differing expectations on the properties of the emergent light 0++ scalar either as a σ-particle of chiral symmetry breaking (ΧS B), or as a dilaton of scale symmetry breaking. The twelve-flavor β-function emerges as closest to the CW, perhaps near-conformal, or perhaps with an infrared fixed point (IRFP) at some unexplored strong coupling inside the CW. It is premature to speculate on dilaton properties of the twelveflavor model since the near-conformal realization remains an open question. However, it is interesting and important to investigate dilaton tests of the light sextet scalar whose β-function is closest to the CW in the symmetry breaking phase and emerges as the leading candidate for dilaton tests of the light scalar. We report results from high precision analysis of the twelve-flavor β-function [1] refuting its published IRFP [2, 3]. We present our objections to recent claims [4, 5] for non-universal behavior of staggered fermions used in our analysis. We also report our first analysis of dilaton tests of the light 0++ scalar in the sextet model and comment on related post-conference developments. The dilaton test is the main thrust of this conference contribution including presentation #405 on the nf = 12 β-function and presentation #260 on dilaton tests of the sextet model. They are both selected from the near-conformal BSM paradigm.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number08015
JournalEPJ Web of Conferences
StatePublished - Mar 26 2018
Event35th International Symposium on Lattice Field Theory, Lattice 2017 - Granada, Spain
Duration: Jun 18 2017Jun 24 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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