The ups and downs of the workplace

Patreese Donette Ingram

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Within almost every organization there is a hierarchy among the employees based on position, title, role, and function. In some sense, hierarchical distinctions create a class system in the workplace. Unlike other issues of diversity, class in the workplace is largely unacknowledged, causing some employees to feel like "somebodies" and others to feel like "nobodies." While rank is a necessary tool in the management of organizations, rank-based mistreatment can result in lower levels of job satisfaction and performance, and lower levels of loyalty and commitment to the organization. Everyone deserves to work in a climate of dignity and respect.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5-8
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Extension
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education


Dive into the research topics of 'The ups and downs of the workplace'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this