Purpose: Many patients having an abnormal initial bone densitometry study have had a previous abdominal/pelvic computed tomography (CT) for other clinical reasons. This study evaluates if a nondedicated quantitative CT (QCT) abdominal/pelvic CT scan could be used as reliable baseline data for subsequent dedicated bone density studies. Subjects and Methods: Twenty-six patients (13 men, 13 women) undergoing clinically-indicated non-i.v, and i.v. contrast abdominal/pelvic CT had dedicated QCT performed immediately following scans of the L1, L2, and L3 vertebral bodies, QCT was then performed on all three scans. A repeated measures analysis of variance model was used to analyze the data in order to compare noncontrast clinical CT with QCT and noncontrast clinical with contrast clinical CT. Results: The mean bone mineral density for the noncontrast clinical study was 98.51 (mg/cc) versus 90.56 (mg/cc) for QCT (p = 0.0003: 95% confidence interval: 3.90 to 13.71). There was no significant difference (p = 0.085) between QCT performed from non-i.v. and i.v. contrast clinical CT scans. Conclusion: Bone densitometry can be performed from either non-i.v. or i.v. contrast clinical CT scans if a conversion factor is applied. This can be determined by utilizing a formula Daverage = -7.83 + (0.99 × NCaverage), where Daverage and NCaverage are the abbreviations of "dedicated" and "noncontrast clinical" BMD averaged over vertebral bodies L1-L3, respectively.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging