The Value of Rotational Venography Versus Anterior–Posterior Venography in 100 Consecutive IVC Filter Retrievals

Ryan M. Kiefer, Nirnimesh Pandey, Scott O. Trerotola, Gregory J. Nadolski, S. William Stavropoulos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Purpose: Accurately detecting inferior vena cava (IVC) filter complications is important for safe and successful retrieval as tip-embedded filters require removal with non-standard techniques. Venography prior to IVC filter retrieval has traditionally used a single anterior–posterior (AP) projection. This study compares the utility of rotational venography to AP venography prior to IVC filter removal. Materials and Methods: The rotational venograms from 100 consecutive IVC filter retrievals over a 35-month period were evaluated retrospectively. The AP view of the rotational venogram was examined separately from the full series by a radiologist blinded to alternative imaging and operative findings. The venograms were evaluated for tip embedding, filter fracture, filter thrombus, and IVC thrombus. Statistical analysis was performed. Results: Using operative findings and peri-procedural imaging as the reference standard, tip embedding occurred in 59 of the 100 filters (59 %). AP venography was used to correctly identify 31 tip-embedded filters (53 % sensitivity) with two false positives (95 % specificity) for an accuracy of 70 %. Rotational venography was used to correctly identify 58 tip-embedded filters (98 % sensitivity) with one false positive (98 % specificity) for an accuracy of 98 %. A significant difference was found in the sensitivities of the two diagnostic approaches (P < .01). Other findings of thrombus and filter fracture were not significantly different between the two groups. Conclusion: Rotational venograms allow for more accurate detection of tip-embedded IVC filters compared to AP views alone. As this determines the approach taken, rotational venograms are helpful if obtained prior to IVC filter retrieval.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)394-399
Number of pages6
JournalCardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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