Theoretical considerations for a dynamic calibration target for through-wall and through-rubble motion-sensing Doppler radar

Michael J. Harner, Matthew J. Brandsema, Ram M. Narayanan, John R. Jendzurski, Nicholas G. Paulter

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Scopus citations


The effectiveness of various dynamic calibration targets emulating human respiration are analyzed. Potential advantages of these devices relate to easier calibration methods for human detection testing in through-wall and through-rubbles situations. The three devices examined possess spherical polyhedral geometries. Spherical characteristics were implemented due to the unique qualities spheres possess in regards to calibration purposes. The ability to use a device that is aspect independent is favorable during the calibration process. Rather than using a traditional, static calibration sphere, a dynamic, sphere-like device offers the ability to resemble breathing movements of the human body. This motion opens the door for numerous types of Doppler testing that is impossible in a static calibration device. Monostatic RCS simulations at 3 GHz are documented for each geometry. The results provide a visual way of representing the effectiveness of each design as a dynamic calibration target for human detection purposes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationRadar Sensor Technology XXI
EditorsArmin Doerry, Kenneth I. Ranney
ISBN (Electronic)9781510608771
StatePublished - 2017
EventRadar Sensor Technology XXI 2017 - Anaheim, United States
Duration: Apr 10 2017Apr 12 2017

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X


OtherRadar Sensor Technology XXI 2017
Country/TerritoryUnited States

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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