Thermal-electrochemical modeling of battery systems

W. B. Gu, C. Y. Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

574 Scopus citations


A general form of the thermal energy equation for a battery system is derived based on first principles using the volume-averaging technique. A thermal-electrochemical coupled modeling approach is presented to simultaneously predict battery electrochemical and thermal behaviors. This approach couples the thermal energy equation with the previous multiphase micro-macroscopic electrochemical model via the heat generation and temperature-dependent physicochemical properties. The thermal-electrochemical model is multidimensional and capable of predicting the average cell temperature as well as the temperature distribution inside a cell. Numerical simulations are performed on a Ni-MH battery to demonstrate the significance of thermal-electrochemical coupling and to investigate the effects of thermal environment on battery electrochemical and thermal behaviors under various charging conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2910-2922
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2000

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Electrochemistry
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment


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