Thermal inactivation kinetics of hepatitis A virus in spinach

Hayriye Bozkurt, Xiaofei Ye, Federico Harte, Doris H. D'Souza, P. Michael Davidson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


Leafy vegetables have been recognized as important vehicles for the transmission of foodborne viral pathogens. To control hepatitis A viral foodborne illness outbreaks associated with mildly heated (e.g., blanched) leafy vegetables such as spinach, generation of adequate thermal processes is important both for consumers and the food industry. Therefore, the objectives of this study were to determine the thermal inactivation behavior of hepatitis A virus (HAV) in spinach, and provide insights on HAV inactivation in spinach for future studies and industrial applications. The D-values calculated from the first-order model (50-72. °C) ranged from 34.40. ±. 4.08 to 0.91. ±. 0.12. min with a z-value of 13.92. ±. 0.87. °C. The calculated activation energy value was 162. ±. 11. kJ/mol. Using the information generated in the present study and the thermal parameters of industrial blanching conditions for spinach as a basis (100. °C for 120-180. s), the blanching of spinach in water at 100. °C for 120-180. s under atmospheric conditions will provide greater than 6 log reduction of HAV. The results of this study may be useful to the frozen food industry in designing blanching conditions for spinach to inactivate or control hepatitis A virus outbreaks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)147-151
Number of pages5
JournalInternational journal of food microbiology
StatePublished - Jan 6 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Food Science
  • Microbiology


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