Thermodynamic properties of rare‐earth alloys by electrochemical emf measurements

Timothy Lichtenstein, Sanghyeok Im, Chen‐Ta ‐T Yu, Hojong Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Thermodynamic properties of Nd–Bi and Nd–Sn alloys were determined via electromotive force (emf) measurements at 725–1075 K. The emf measurements of an Nd–Bi alloy at mole fraction xNd = 0.20 were conducted using a solid CaF2–NdF3 electrolyte relative to pure Nd(s). The emf values from the CaF2–NdF3 electrolyte were verified in separate experiments in molten LiCl–KCl–NdCl3 where pure Nd(s) was electrodeposited. The Nd–Bi (xNd = 0.20) exhibited two‐phase behavior with a peritectic reaction (L + NdBi = NdBi2) at 926 K from differential scanning calorimetry. The two‐phase Nd–Bi (xNd = 0.20) was employed as a stable reference electrode in molten LiCl–KCl–NdCl3 for emf measurements of Nd–Bi (xNd = 0.15–0.40) and Nd–Sn (xNd = 0.10) alloys. The emf measurements of these alloys were reproducible during thermal cycles over 50 h and were used to calculate thermodynamic properties, including the partial molar Gibbs energy, entropy, and enthalpy. [Figure not available: see fulltext.].

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)70-78
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Materials Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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