Thermosetting polymers in cold sintering: The fabrication of ZnO-polydimethylsiloxane composites

Arnaud Ndayishimiye, Zane A. Grady, Kosuke Tsuji, Ke Wang, Sun Hwi Bang, Clive A. Randall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


This study reports the fabrication of the first ceramics-thermosetting polymer composites by the cold sintering process, for high ceramic volume fractions (v/v >95%). The (1 − x) ZnO − x polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) composites, with 0.00 ≤ x ≤ 0.05, were cold sintered at 250°C, 320 MPa for 60 minutes. In situ densification studies conducted with the help of a semi-automated press revealed that the mechanisms driving the densification of the material changes with the polymer content. Relative densities of the (1 − x) ZnO − x PDMS composites (0.00 ≤ x ≤ 0.05) were above 90%. Impedance spectroscopy of the composites yields insight into the ceramic-polymer interfaces within the sintered ZnO bulk and suggests long-range conduction governed by ZnO-PDMS interface properties for x = 0.03 and x = 0.05. The study also emphasizes on the complexities and opportunities of such ceramic-dominated ceramic-polymer composites.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3039-3050
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry


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