Thickness-dependent properties of relaxor-PbTiO3 ferroelectrics for ultrasonic transducers

Hyeong Jae Lee, Shujun Zhang, Jun Luo, Fei Li, Thomas R. Shrout

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

117 Scopus citations


The electrical properties of Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O 3-PbTiO3 (PMN-PT)-based polycrystalline ceramics and single crystals were investigated as a function of scale ranging from 500 μm to 30 μm. Fine-grained PMN-PT ceramics exhibited comparable dielectric and piezoelectric properties to their coarsegrained counterpart in the low frequency range (<10 MHz), but offered greater mechanical strength and improved property stability with decreasing thickness, corresponding to higher operating frequencies (>40 MHz). For PMN-PT single crystals, however, the dielectric and electromechanical properties degraded with decreasing thickness, while ternary Pb(In1/2Nb1/2)O3- Pb(Mg 1/3Nb2/3)O3-PbTiO3 (PIN-PMN-PT) exhibited minimal size-dependent behavior. The origin of property degradation of PMN-PT crystals was further studied by investigating the dielectric permittivity at high temperatures, and domain observations using optical polarized light microscopy. The results demonstrated that the thickness-dependent properties of relaxor-PT ferro- electrics are closely related to the domain size with respect to the associated macroscopic scale of the samples.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3154-3162
Number of pages9
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Issue number18
StatePublished - Sep 23 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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