Thin/thick piezoelectric films by electrophoretic deposition

J. Van Tassel, Clive A. Randall

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Electrophoretic deposition (EPD) is a simple, rapid, and low cost method for producing conformal films on patterned electrodes. This paper covers the use of EPD for forming fully dense Lead Zirconate Titanate (PZT) films of twenty microns and less. The three main steps of this process as applied to PZT are covered: 1. Formation of a charged suspension of the starting sub-micron PZT powder, 2. Deposition of the powder particles on an electrode under the influence of a DC electric field, and 3. fluxing and constrained sintering of the resulting particulate deposit to form a dense continuous film. Using this process we have formed six to ten micron PZT films on an alumina substrate, sintered to full density at 900°C. In a fourteen micron film we have achieved a piezoelectric d33 coefficient of 140 picoCoulombs/Newton, and a dielectric constant of 1,000 with a loss tan δ of 0.045.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)14-19
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
StatePublished - 1998
EventSmart Structures and Materials 1998 SMart Materials Technologies - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: Mar 4 1998Mar 5 1998

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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