Three-dimensional mapping of the static magnetic field inside the human head

Shizhe Li, Bernard J. Dardzinski, Christopher M. Collins, Qing Yang, Michael B. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

95 Scopus citations


Finite element analysis was used to calculate the static magnetic field within the three-dimensional head model. Localized field distributions were evaluated by using the magnetic field histogram technique. Experimental field maps and histograms of the human head were also obtained to validate the simulation results. Field deviations and gradients inside the human head cause NMR signal frequency shifts and line broadening, respectively. Voxels 2 x 2 x 0.5 cm may have frequency differences of more than 2.0 ppm. The linewidth of a single voxel may be broadened by more than 0.5 ppm. Calculated and experimental field maps are in excellent agreement. The global field distortion in the human head is primarily due to the susceptibility difference between air and tissues and their corresponding geometrical shapes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)705-714
Number of pages10
JournalMagnetic Resonance in Medicine
Issue number5
StatePublished - Nov 1996

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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