Securing the intellectual property (IP) from counterfeiting is an important goal toward trustworthy computing. Camouflaging of logic gates is a well-known technique to prevent an adversary from de-layering the chip and stealing IP. In this paper, we propose threshold voltage modulation to realize 2-input static camouflaged logic that can hide six functionalities. We extend the concept of threshold-voltage defined logic to propose multi-input camouflaged gates capable of hiding six 3-input Boolean functions (NAND, NOR, AOI, OAI, XOR, and XNOR). We also propose interconnect camouflaging technique which hides the original connectivity of nets using a novel threshold-voltage defined pass transistor mux. Since threshold voltages are asserted during fabrication and are difficult to identify during optical reverse engineering (RE)-based techniques, the adversary will be forced to launch a brute-force search. We present a thorough analysis of RE effort and overheads associated with the proposed camouflaging techniques. The proposed methodology is demonstrated using fabricated test-chip in 65 nm technology.
|Number of pages
|IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems
|Published - Feb 2020
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering