Tilted bulk heterojunction organic photovoltaic cells grown by oblique angle deposition

Ning Li, Stephen R. Forrest

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We demonstrate small molecule bulk heterojunction organic photovoltaic cells using oblique angle vacuum deposition. Obliquely deposited donor chloroaluminum phthalocyanine (ClAlPc) films on indium tin oxide have surface feature sizes of ∼30 nm, resulting in ClAlPc/C60 donor-acceptor heterojunctions (HJs) with approximately twice the interface area of HJs grown at normal incidence. This results in nearly twice the external quantum efficiency in the ClAlPc absorption band compared with analogous, planar HJs. The efficiency increase is attributed to the increased surface area presented by the donor-acceptor junction to the incident illumination by ClAlPc protrusions lying obliquely to the substrate plane formed during deposition. The power conversion efficiency improves from (2.0±0.1) % to (2.8±0.1) % under 1 sun, AM 1.5G simulated solar illumination. Similarly, the power efficiency of copper phthalocyanine/ C60 organic photovoltaic cells is increased from (1.3±0.1) % to (1.7±0.1) %.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number123309
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number12
StatePublished - 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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