Time for temporal team mental models: Expanding beyond “what” and “how” to incorporate “when”

Susan Mohammed, Katherine Hamilton, Rachel Tesler, Vincent Mancuso, Michael McNeese

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Scopus citations


Although often ignored, establishing and maintaining congruence in team members’ temporal perceptions are consequential tasks that deserve research attention. Integrating research on team cognition and temporality, this study operationalized the notion of a temporal team mental model (TMM) at two points in time using two measurement methods. Ninety eight three-person teams participated in a computerized team simulation designed to mimic emergency crisis management situations in a distributed team environment. The results showed that temporal TMMs measured via concept maps and pairwise ratings each positively contributed uniquely to team performance beyond traditionally measured taskwork and teamwork content domains. In addition, temporal TMMs assessed later in teams’ development exerted stronger effects on team performance than those assessed earlier. The results provide support for the continued examination of temporal TMM similarity in future research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)693-709
Number of pages17
JournalEuropean Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 3 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Applied Psychology
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management


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