Timed picture naming norms for Mandarin Chinese

Youyi Liu, Meiling Hao, Ping Li, Hua Shu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

72 Scopus citations


The present study reports timed norms for 435 object pictures in Mandarin Chinese. These data include naming latency, name agreement, concept agreement, word length, and age of acquisition (AoA) based on children's naming and adult ratings, and several other adult ratings of concept familiarity, subjective word frequency, image agreement, image variability, and visual complexity. Furthermore, we examined factors that influence the naming latencies of the pictures. The results show that concept familiarity, AoA, concept agreement, name agreement, and image agreement are significant predictors of naming latencies, whereas subjective word frequency is not a reliable determinant. These results are discussed in light of picture naming data in other languages. An item-based index for the norms is provided in the Table S1.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere16505
JournalPloS one
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General


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