Nanofillers in polymer composites will induce interface regions in the polymer with non-uniform nanostructures which can be approximated as multilayer shells surrounding nanofillers. This paper studies topological nanostructures in polymers that interface with one-dimensional (1-D) and zero-dimensional (0-D) nanofillers. This new class of dielectric polymer nanocomposites involves nanofillers at ultra-low volume loading (< 1 vol percent) that generate large dielectric enhancement. The results show that the dipolar response of polyetherimide, a high temperature dielectric polymer, is increased by more than ten times with ultra-low (0.75 vol%) loading of 1-D nanofillers. The results reveal that 1-D nanofillers induce cylindrical shell-topology in the polymer matrix which is more effective in enhancing the high dielectric constant interfacial region than the spherical shell-topology generated by 0-D fillers. The cylindrical shells generated by 1-D fillers provide much higher dielectric enhancement over a broader interfacial region in the polymer matrix, as compared to the spherical shells induced by 0-D nanofillers.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- General Materials Science
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering