Topology of local flame-flame interaction events in turbulent flames

Ankit Tyagi, Isaac Boxx, Ryan Shupp, Stephen Peluso, Jacqueline O'Connor

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review


A large number of modern combustion devices have multiple, closely-spaced turbulent flames that interact with each other, resulting in interacting flowfields as well as scalar fields. The local structure and dynamics of adjacent flames is dependent on both these interacting fields. Local flame-flame interaction occurs frequently in turbulent flames, occasionally resulting in formation of unburned gas pockets, and in some cases, burned gas pockets. Unburned gas pockets can be a source of harmful pollutants, as they may result in toxic fuel emissions. The topology of interaction events can vary significantly in the presence of adjacent flames and it becomes crucial to understand the sensitivity of these flames to these local interaction events for improving the design and operability of multi-flame devices. In this study, we investigate two interacting premixed flames in a dual burner configuration and apply high-speed OH-planar laser-induced fluorescence (OH-PLIF) to obtain instantaneous flame-front locations of Bunsen flames. A non-rigid image registration technique is applied to flame images to track the topological changes occurring in small time steps. Flame-flame interaction events are identified using this technique and statistics conditioned on these events are compared. In particular, results are compared between single- and dual-burner configurations to illustrate the differences that interacting flames have on flame topology. Statistics of flame-flame interactions that result in flame pockets are also discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
StatePublished - 2018
Event2018 Spring Technical Meeting of the Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute, ESSCI 2018 - State College, United States
Duration: Mar 4 2018Mar 7 2018


Other2018 Spring Technical Meeting of the Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute, ESSCI 2018
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityState College

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering


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