Tough-Coated Hard Powders for HardMetals of Novel Properties

Richard E. Toth, I. Smid, A. Sherman, P. Ettmayer, G. Kladler, G. Korb

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


The properties and performance of conventional materials and composites are constrained by solubility limits, diffusion coefficients, and compatibility of physical and chemical constituent properties in their phase equilibria, To escape these limits, ingenious ways of combining strength, toughness, and wear resistance by way of various coatings and laminations have been devised. These coated tools are systematically discarded after only about 10% of their wear tolerance has been used. Tough-Coated Hard Powders (TCHP), patented by EnDurAloy (USA), are hard refractory particles CVD coated with nanolayers of WC and Co. Consolidation of TCHP creates an engineered homogeneous cellular structure whose interconnected tough WC-Co "shells" each contain a wear-resistant core (e.g., TiN). In TCHP's, the coating is throughout the tool, not only on the surface, combining the strength, heat resistance, and toughness of cemented carbides with the chemical and abrasion wear resistance of harder materials. As wear progresses, new wear-resistant material continuously replaces the working surfaces and edges of the tool until its geometiy reaches its maximum limits. TCHP tools are then reusable many times. Specific coating and consolidation processes, characterization of compacts, and test comparisons with conventional materials are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1549-1562
Number of pages14
JournalAdvances in Powder Metallurgy and Particulate Materials
StatePublished - 2001
EventAdvances in Powder Metallurgy and Particulate Materials - 2001 - New Orleans, LA, United States
Duration: May 13 2001May 17 2001

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys


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