Toward an Integrated Framework of Multiple Text Use

Alexandra List, Patricia A. Alexander

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

85 Scopus citations


We introduce the Integrated Framework of Multiple Texts to understand how students use and form connections between multiple texts to accomplish personal or task goals. The Integrated Framework of Multiple Texts conceptualizes students’ multiple text use as unfolding over the course of three stages—preparation, execution, and production. In the preparation stage of the framework, individual difference factors and students’ task analysis result in learners’ adoption of a default stance, or a general orientation, toward multiple text use. During the execution stage of the framework, students engage in a variety of behavioral, cognitive, and metacognitive/regulatory strategies to develop cross-textual links and to integrate information across multiple texts. The execution stage concludes with students’ development of a variety of affective and cognitive outcomes as a consequence of text access. Finally, in the production stage of the framework, students draw on these affective and cognitive outcomes to develop external, often written products.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)20-39
Number of pages20
JournalEducational Psychologist
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


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