Towards highly efficient thin-film solar cells with a graded-bandgap CZTSSe layer

Faiz Ahmad, Akhlesh Lakhtakia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


A coupled optoelectronic model was implemented along with the differential evolution algorithm to assess the efficacy of grading the bandgap of the Cu2ZnSn(SξSe1–ξ)4 (CZTSSe) layer for enhancing the power conversion efficiency of thin-film CZTSSe solar cells. Both linearly and sinusoidally graded bandgaps were examined, with the molybdenum backreflector in the solar cell being either planar or periodically corrugated. Whereas an optimally graded bandgap can dramatically enhance the efficiency, the effect of periodically corrugating the backreflector is modest at best. An efficiency of 21.74% is predicted with sinusoidal grading of a 870 nm thick CZTSSe layer, in comparison to 12.6% efficiency achieved experimentally with a 2200 nm thick homogeneous CZTSSe layer. High electron-hole-pair generation rates in the narrow-bandgap regions and a high open-circuit voltage due to a wider bandgap close to the front and rear faces of the CZTSSe layer are responsible for the high enhancement of efficiency.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number025004
JournalJPhys Energy
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Energy
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Materials Science (miscellaneous)


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