Toxicity and neurophysiological effects of fipronil and fipronil sulfone on the western corn rootworm (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae)

Michael E. Scharf, Blair D. Siegfried

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44 Scopus citations

Abstract

Fipronil is a member of the relatively new phenylpyrazole insecticide class that is active at the neuro-inhibitory gamma amino butyric acid (GABA)-gated chloride channel/ionopore complex. The toxicity and neurophysiological effects of fipronil and its oxidative sulfone metabolite [5-amino-1-(2,6-dichloro-4-trifluoromethylphenyl)-3-cyano-4- trifluoromethylsulfonyl-pyrazole] were investigated by using an insecticide-susceptible western corn rootworm population. In topical bioassays using adult rootworms, fipronil was toxic at very low doses (LD50 = 0.07; LD90 = 0.33 ng/mg). At the LD90, pre-treatment with the cytochrome P450 monooxygenase inhibitor piperonyl butoxide led to mild antagonism of fipronil toxicity (LD90 = 0.42 ng/mg), while the sulfone analog had greater toxicity (LD90 = 0.22 ng/ mg). In neurophysiological studies of spontaneous electrical activity, adult and larval rootworms were equally affected by fipronil and the sulfone analog at 10 μM (in the presence of 5 mM GABA) in comparison to GABA-treated baselines. Using larval rootworms, insensitivity of the GABA receptor to binding by picrotoxinin or dieldrin (10 μM) was not apparent in the presence of 5 mM GABA. Further neurophysiological investigation using a range of concentrations (0.625-20.0 μM) on larval rootworms indicated concentration-dependent effects on bursting activity for both fipronil and the sulfone analog; however, subtle differences were observed between these two compounds. Results indicate that both fipronil and its oxidative sulfone metabolite have similar toxicological and neurological effects on rootworms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)150-156
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology
Volume40
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1999

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Biochemistry
  • Insect Science

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