Purpose: Residents collect information from the electronic health record (EHR) to present during rounds, but this crucial process is understudied. The purpose of this paper is to examine the feasibility of utilizing an EHR embedded time-tracking software to quantify resident pre-round EHR activity and how patient acuity impacts this activity. Design/methodology/approach: This was a retrospective observational study that quantified resident EHR activities (total time spent, tasks performed and patient encounters accessed) during pre-rounds on their pediatric intensive care unit rotation between May 2016 and December 2016. Patient encounters were reviewed to determine resident ownership and critical care resources provided. Findings: Allo 21 eligible participants were included. In total, 907 patient encounters were included to evaluate patient acuity impact. EHR usage per patient encounter (median in minutes (25th, 75th percentile)) was significantly affected by the critical care resources utilized. Total EHR time: both ventilator and vasoactive support (10.54 (6.68, 17.19)); neither ventilator nor vasoactive support (8.23 (5.07, 12.72)); invasive/noninvasive ventilator support (8.74 (5.69, 13.2)); and vasoactive support (10.37 (7.72, 11.65)), p<0.001. Chart review, order entry and documentation EHR times demonstrated similar trends. Practical implications: Residents spend more time utilizing the EHR to collect data on patients who require significant critical care resources. This information can be useful to determine optimal resident to patient workload. Future research is required to assess this EHR tool’s ability to contribute to physician workflow study. Originality/value: EHR embedded time-tracking software can offer insights into resident workflow.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)611-620
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
Issue number3
StatePublished - Apr 15 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health Policy


Dive into the research topics of 'Tracking resident pre-rounding electronic health record usage'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this