Transgender and Nonbinary College Student Inclusivity in Campus Recreation: Perceptions of North American Staff

Oliver W.A. Wilson, Sammie L. Powers, Ginny M. Frederick, Keegan T. Peterson, Melissa Bopp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


In this study of North American campus recreation staff, we examined staff perceptions of transgender and nonbinary student inclusivity, and explored differences in perceived inclusivity based on institutional characteristics, policies, amenities, and staff characteristics. Staff were recruited to participate in an online survey that assessed: institutional characteristics, amenities, and policies; personal characteristics; and, their perception of their campus recreation facilities’ inclusivity of transgender and nonbinary students. Perceived inclusivity was greater at nonreligiously affiliated institutions, and at institutions that had antidiscrimination/antiharassment policies and/or all-gender locker/restrooms within the campus recreation department. Men and heterosexual staff reported greater perceived inclusivity than women and sexual minority staff. In summary, antidiscrimination and antiharassment policies and all-gender locker/rest rooms appear to contribute to creating the perception of a more inclusive campus recreation environment. Continued work on staff awareness/knowledge relating to inclusion of transgender and nonbinary students appears to be necessary, and application of policies that support inclusivity should be a priority.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)74-80
Number of pages7
JournalRecreational Sports Journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - Apr 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health(social science)
  • Education
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management


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