Transmission-error frequency-domain-behavior of failing gears

W.D. Mark, A.C. Isaacson, M.E. Wagner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Scopus citations


Failing gear teeth, either by working-surface-damage (pitting, spalling, scuffing, etc.) or by bending fatigue, causes tooth-to-tooth variations in the loaded tooth working surfaces. Such variations cause changes (generally increases) in the non-tooth-meshing rotational-harmonic amplitudes of the transmission-error contribution from the affected gear. Simple models of missing working-surface material caused by damage are used to show where transmission-error rotational-harmonic spectrum changes will take place. Bending fatigue damage is shown to initially cause maximum changes in rotational-harmonic amplitudes well below the tooth-meshing fundamental harmonic, whereas small pits are shown to cause changes in higher-frequency rotational-harmonic amplitudes. Good agreement is shown between an experimentally obtained rotational-harmonic spectrum caused by tooth-surface damage and that predicted from damage measured on the failing teeth. Substantial increases in high-frequency rotational-harmonic amplitudes are shown to be expected from gear teeth undergoing significant plastic deformation in late stages of bending-fatigue failure. Accurate assessment of damage contributions using before-damage non-negligible rotational-harmonic amplitudes (sideband harmonics, etc.) are shown to suggest use of complex rotational-harmonic amplitudes. \ 2018 Elsevier Ltd
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)102-119
Number of pages18
JournalMechanical Systems and Signal Processing
StatePublished - 2019


Dive into the research topics of 'Transmission-error frequency-domain-behavior of failing gears'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this