Trends in prenatal prescription opioid use among Medicaid beneficiaries in Wisconsin, 2010–2019

Deborah B. Ehrenthal, Yi Wang, Jessica Pac, Christine Piette Durrance, Russell S. Kirby, Lawrence M. Berger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To examine changes in prenatal opioid prescription exposure following new guidelines and policies. Study design: Cohort study of all (262,284) Wisconsin Medicaid-insured live births 2010–2019. Prenatal exposures were classified as analgesic, short term, and chronic (90+ days), and medications used to treat opioid use disorder (MOUD). We describe overall and stratified temporal trends and used linear probability models with interaction terms to test their significance. Result: We found 42,437 (16.2%) infants with prenatal exposure; most (90.5%) reflected analgesic opioids. From 2010 to 2019, overall exposure declined 12.8 percentage points (95% CI = 12.1–13.1). Reductions were observed across maternal demographic groups and in both rural and urban settings, though the extent varied. There was a small reduction in chronic analgesic exposure and a concurrent increase in MOUD. Conclusion: Broad and sustained declines in prenatal prescription opioid exposure occurred over the decade, with little change in the percentage of infants chronically exposed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Perinatology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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