Tunable 2D Group-III Metal Alloys

Siavash Rajabpour, Alexander Vera, Wen He, Benjamin N. Katz, Roland J. Koch, Margaux Lassaunière, Xuegang Chen, Cequn Li, Katharina Nisi, Hesham El-Sherif, Maxwell T. Wetherington, Chengye Dong, Aaron Bostwick, Chris Jozwiak, Adri C.T. van Duin, Nabil Bassim, Jun Zhu, Gwo Ching Wang, Ursula Wurstbauer, Eli RotenbergVincent Crespi, Su Ying Quek, Joshua A. Robinson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Chemically stable quantum-confined 2D metals are of interest in next-generation nanoscale quantum devices. Bottom-up design and synthesis of such metals could enable the creation of materials with tailored, on-demand, electronic and optical properties for applications that utilize tunable plasmonic coupling, optical nonlinearity, epsilon-near-zero behavior, or wavelength-specific light trapping. In this work, it is demonstrated that the electronic, superconducting, and optical properties of air-stable 2D metals can be controllably tuned by the formation of alloys. Environmentally robust large-area 2D-InxGa1−x alloys are synthesized byConfinement Heteroepitaxy (CHet). Near-complete solid solubility is achieved with no evidence of phase segregation, and the composition is tunable over the full range of x by changing the relative elemental composition of the precursor. The optical and electronic properties directly correlate with alloy composition, wherein the dielectric function, band structure, superconductivity, and charge transfer from the metal to graphene are all controlled by the indium/gallium ratio in the 2D metal layer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2104265
JournalAdvanced Materials
Issue number44
StatePublished - Nov 2 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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