Modern electronics and electrical systems demand efficient operation of dielectric polymer-based capacitors at high electric fields and elevated temperatures. Here, polyimide (PI) dielectric composites prepared from in situ polymerization in the presence of inorganic nanofillers are reported. The systematic manipulation of the dielectric constant and bandgap of the inorganic fillers, including Al2O3, HfO2, TiO2, and boron nitride nanosheets, reveals the dominant role of the bandgap of the fillers in determining and improving the high-temperature capacitive performance of the polymer composites, which is very different from the design principle of the dielectric polymer composites operating at ambient temperature. The Al2O3- and HfO2-based PI composites with concomitantly large bandgap and moderate dielectric constants exhibit substantial improvement in the breakdown strength, discharged energy density, and charge–discharge efficiency when compared to the state-of-the-art dielectric polymers. The work provides a design paradigm for high-performance dielectric polymer nanocomposites for electrical energy storage at elevated temperatures.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- General Materials Science