Two-dimensional arrays of colloidal gold particles: A flexible approach to macroscopic metal surfaces

Katherine C. Grabar, Keith J. Allison, Bonnie E. Baker, Robin M. Bright, Kenneth R. Brown, R. Griffith Freeman, Audrey P. Fox, Christine D. Keating, Michael D. Musick, Michael J. Natan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

421 Scopus citations


Covalent attachment of nanometer-scale colloidal Au particles to organosilane-coated substrates is a flexible and general approach to formation of macroscopic Au surfaces that have well-defined nanostructure. Variations in substrate (glass, metal, Al2O3), geometry (planar, cylindrical), functional group (-SH, -P(C6H5)2, -NH2, -CN), and particle diameter (2.5-120 nm) demonstrate that each component of these assemblies can be changed without adverse consequences. Information about particle coverage and interparticle spacing has been obtained using atomic force microscopy, field emission scanning electron microscopy, and quartz crystal microgravimetry. Bulk surface properties have been probed with UV-vis spectroscopy, cyclic voltammetry, and surface enhanced Raman scattering. Successful application of the latter two techniques indicates that these substrates may have value for Raman and electrochemical measurements. The assembly method described herein is compared with previous methods for controlling the nanoscale roughness of metal surfaces, and its potential applicability to the assembly of other colloidal materials is discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2353-2361
Number of pages9
Issue number10
StatePublished - May 15 1996

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Spectroscopy
  • Electrochemistry


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