Magnetically confined pure electron columns evolve as nearly inviscid, incompressible two-dimensional (2-D) fluids. Experiments on these columns have found that the decay of 2-D turbulence leads to spontaneous formation of 'vortex crystals,' which are symmetric arrays of strong vortices within a background of lower vorticity. These vortex crystals can be described as maximum fluid entropy states for a system with an ergodically mixed background and a conserved number of strong vortices.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences|
|State||Published - 1998|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- History and Philosophy of Science