Ultra-High-Energy Cosmic Rays and Neutrinos from Relativistic Jets of Active Galactic Nuclei

Rostom Mbarek, Damiano Caprioli, Kohta Murase

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


In [1], we laid the groundwork for studying the espresso paradigm [2], a reacceleration mechanism to boost galactic CRs to UHECR levels. Our bottom-up approach uses realistic 3D MHD simulations of relativistic AGN jets and accounts for all of the crucial ingredients of a universal acceleration theory: injection, acceleration, and escape in realistic environments. Our results are consistent with the main features of UHECR spectra, i.e., power-law slopes, chemical composition, and anisotropy. In [3], we refine our model by including sub-grid particle scattering to model small-scale magnetic turbulence that cannot be resolved by MHD simulations, constraining for the first time one crucial but hard-to-model ingredient, and allowing us to establish the relative importance of espresso and stochastic shear acceleration in relativistic jets. Our framework also enables us to analyze high-energy neutrinos produced from our accelerated UHECRs considering the effects of external photon fields, and to incorporate nucleus photodisintegration. The spectra we obtain are consistent with the picture drawn by observations with Auger, Telescope Array, and IceCube observatory.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number481
JournalProceedings of Science
StatePublished - Mar 18 2022
Event37th International Cosmic Ray Conference, ICRC 2021 - Virtual, Berlin, Germany
Duration: Jul 12 2021Jul 23 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General


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