Ultrafast photoluminescence from graphene

Chun Hung Lui, Kin Fai Mak, Jie Shan, Tony F. Heinz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

419 Scopus citations


Since graphene has no band gap, photoluminescence is not expected from relaxed charge carriers. We have, however, observed significant light emission from graphene under excitation by ultrashort (30-fs) laser pulses. Light emission was found to occur across the visible spectral range (1.7-3.5A eV), with emitted photon energies exceeding that of the excitation laser (1.5A eV). The emission exhibits a nonlinear dependence on the laser fluence. In two-pulse correlation measurements, a dominant relaxation time of tens of femtoseconds is observed. A two-temperature model describing the electrons and their interaction with strongly coupled optical phonons can account for the experimental observations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number127404
JournalPhysical review letters
Issue number12
StatePublished - Sep 16 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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