Ultrafast infrared and electronic spectroscopy are used to examine the dynamics of triplet pair separation following singlet fission in amorphous and crystalline films of the model singlet fission chromophore, 6,13-bis(triisopropylsilylethynyl)pentacene (TIPS-Pn). Probing of correlated triplet pair intermediates directly through their unique vibrational frequencies and infrared electronic transitions and indirectly through their visible triplet absorptions reveals that triplet pair separation occurs on similar picosecond time scales in both amorphous and crystalline films despite their markedly different average intermolecular coupling strengths. Although triplet pair separation occurs on similar time scales in both environments, measurements of diffusion-controlled triplet-triplet annihilation reveal that the diffusivity of triplet excited states is an order of magnitude lower in amorphous films. The data reveal the presence of sparse triplet traps in the amorphous environment that inhibit the transport of triplet excitons in comparison to crystalline films. These observations inform recent efforts to develop disordered and polymeric singlet fission sensitizers that contain amorphous regions. In particular, the data suggest that it may be possible to nanostructure amorphous or polymeric singlet fission sensitizers to allow ultrafast triplet pair separation and harvesting in photovoltaic and light-emitting applications despite their low triplet exciton diffusivity.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films