Ultrahigh energy cosmic rays from compact sources

Z. Fodor, S. D. Katz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

70 Scopus citations


The clustering of ultrahigh energy (above (Formula presented) eV) cosmic rays (UHECR) suggests that they might be emitted by compact sources. The statistical analysis of Dubovsky et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1154 (2000)] estimated the source density. We extend their analysis to give also the confidence intervals for the source density using (a) no assumptions on the relationship between clustered and unclustered events, (b) nontrivial distributions for the source luminosities and energies, and (c) the energy dependence of the propagation. We also determine the probability that a proton created at a distance r with energy E arrives at Earth above a threshold (Formula presented) Using this function one can determine the observed spectrum just by one numerical integration for any injection spectrum. The observed 14 UHECR events above (Formula presented) eV with one doublet give, for the source densities, (Formula presented) (Formula presented) (on the 68% confidence level). We present detailed results for future experiments with larger UHECR statistics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8
Number of pages1
JournalPhysical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2001

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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