Ultrasonic characterization of macroporosity

C. L. Yen, Bernhard R. Tittmann

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


The results of recent ultrasonic studies are presented on high temperature composites with emphasis on the broad sub-class of Carbon fiber/Phenolic Matrix composites. These materials were studied with emphasis on the evolution of macroporosity during carbonizing heat treatments. The ultrasonic instrumentation consisted of an Acoustic Emission (AE) Monitor and a Scanning Acoustic Microscope (SAM). An important aspect was the design and construction of the high temperature waveguides used for the AE sensor. Next the deployment of these waveguides was demonstrated for the in-situ detection of microcracking during pyrolysis in the range of temperatures from 25°C to 750°C. These measurements were coupled with interrupted-run studies, in which small coupons were removed from the furnace at various temperatures and then examined with the SAM to study the progress of microcracking and decomposition. The AE results showed reasonable run-to-run repeatability and were found to correlate well with the SAM results. A sharp peak in AE activity was found in the range from about 450°C to 600°C. Total accumulative counts, total energy release and peak of AE activity were seen to shift in a systematic way with changes in the relative heat-up rate. Qualitative explanations of these features are presented in terms of complementary results of matrix shrinkage, weight loss and gas flow measurements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the American Society for Composites
PublisherPubl by Technomic Publ Co Inc
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)0877629978
StatePublished - Dec 1 1992
EventProceedings of the 7th Technical Conference of the American Society for Composites - University Park, PA, USA
Duration: Oct 13 1992Oct 15 1992

Publication series

NameProceedings of the American Society for Composites


OtherProceedings of the 7th Technical Conference of the American Society for Composites
CityUniversity Park, PA, USA

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Building and Construction
  • Polymers and Plastics


Dive into the research topics of 'Ultrasonic characterization of macroporosity'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this