Ultrasound evidence for a two-component superconducting order parameter in Sr2RuO4

S. Benhabib, C. Lupien, I. Paul, L. Berges, M. Dion, M. Nardone, A. Zitouni, Z. Q. Mao, Y. Maeno, A. Georges, L. Taillefer, C. Proust

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

76 Scopus citations


The quasi-two-dimensional metal Sr2RuO4 is one of the best characterized unconventional superconductors, yet the nature of its superconducting order parameter is still under debate1–3. This information is crucial to determine the pairing mechanism of Cooper pairs. Here we use ultrasound velocity to probe the superconducting state of Sr2RuO4. This thermodynamic probe is sensitive to the symmetry of the material, and therefore, it can help in identifying the symmetry of the superconducting order parameter4,5. Indeed, we observe a sharp jump in the shear elastic constant c66 as the temperature is increased across the superconducting transition. This directly implies that the superconducting order parameter is of a two-component nature. On the basis of symmetry arguments and given the other known properties of Sr2RuO4 (refs. 6–8), we discuss which states are compatible with this requirement and propose that the two-component order parameter {dxz; dyz} is the most likely candidate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)194-198
Number of pages5
JournalNature Physics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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