Understanding acoustic emission for different metal cutting machinery and operations

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Machining is one of the major manufacturing techniques where the material is removed to prepare the complete or sub-part. In general, this is also referred to as subtractive manufacturing. Due to solid-to-solid contact between the cutting tool and the work-piece, the machine dynamics get influenced by various operating parameters. This generates force and vibration, and thus noise. Over time the cutting tool reaches its end-of-life which increases the force to cut, and thus produces more vibration and noise. The noise parameter was considered in this work. A 32-element spherical microphone array acoustic camera system was used to record and analyze the sound that was emitted during the machining processes. The startup, idle, and load operating characteristics for various industrial machining equipment were monitored with the acoustic beam former microphone system. The industrial applications included a bench grinder, surface grinder, vertical band saw, lathe machine, and vertical milling machine. Analysis of the acoustic noise generated from these processes could demonstrate the similarities between the cyclical patterns of resonating sound.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberjmmp1010007
JournalJournal of Manufacturing and Materials Processing
Issue number1
StatePublished - Sep 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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