United States ED Visits by Adult Women for Nonfatal Intimate Partner Strangulation, 2006 to 2014: Prevalence and Associated Characteristics

Michelle Patch, Youssef M.K. Farag, Jocelyn C. Anderson, Nancy Perrin, Gabor Kelen, Jacquelyn C. Campbell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Introduction: Nonfatal intimate partner strangulation poses significant acute and long-term morbidity risks and also heightens women's risk for future femicide. The lifetime prevalence of nonfatal intimate partner strangulation has been estimated to be approximately 10%, or 11 million women, in the general United States population. Given the potential for significant health risks and serious consequences of strangulation, this study adds to the limited literature by estimating prevalence and describing the associated characteristics of strangulation-related visits among United States ED visits by adult women after intimate partner violence. Methods: Prevalence estimation as well as simple and multivariable logistic regression analyses were completed using data from the Nationwide Emergency Department Sample spanning the years 2006 to 2014. Results: The prevalence of strangulation codes was estimated at 1.2% of all intimate partner violence visits. Adjusting for visits, hospital characteristics, and visit year, higher odds of strangulation were noted in younger women, metropolitan hospitals, level I/II trauma centers, and non-Northeast regions. Increases in strangulation events among intimate partner violence–related visits in recent years were also observed. Discussion: A relatively low prevalence may reflect an underestimate of true nonfatal intimate partner strangulation visits owing to coding or a very low rate of ED visits for this issue. Higher odds of strangulation among intimate partner violence visits by women in more recent years may be due to increased recognition and documentation by frontline clinicians and coding teams. Continued research is needed to further inform clinical, postcare, and social policy efforts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)437-448
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Emergency Nursing
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Emergency


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