Universal service in China and India: Legitimating the state?

Krishna Jayakar, Chun Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


This paper examines the contrast between China's and India's universal service policies as manifestations of the two states' differing self-conceptualizations and legitimation strategies. We examine the timeline of universal service policies in the two countries, differentiating between the territorial, demographic and layered dimensions of universal service. The analysis reveals many similarities between the two countries, as well as some differences primarily related to the mode of funding universal service programs and the lead China has taken in deploying informatization services. We identify some of the proximate causes that resulted in these policy decisions. But in addition, we also examine how universal service policies are related to contrasting models of state legitimation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)186-199
Number of pages14
JournalTelecommunications Policy
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Human Factors and Ergonomics
  • Information Systems
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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