Unpacking escalation

Alex Braithwaite, Douglas Lemke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations


Past studies vary widely in how they measure conflict escalation. The use of different measures of escalation is understandable because theories about escalation do not specify how the concept should be measured. But the use of different measures of escalation hinders cumulation. We contribute to the literature on conflict escalation by comparing a variety of measures of escalation. We demonstrate how few robust relationships there are across different measures of escalation. Importantly, though, we find a consistent influence of territory on escalatory processes which is insensitive to how escalation is measured.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)111-123
Number of pages13
JournalConflict Management and Peace Science
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Political Science and International Relations


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