Unsteady ground effects on a rectangular and swept wing undergoing heaving and pitching during deceleration

Dibya Raj Adhikari, George Loubimov, Samik Bhattacharya, Michael P. Kinzel

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations


An experimental study, validated by numerical simulation, has been performed to understand the aerodynamic characteristics of a rectangular and swept wing in ground effect. Here, we consider gradual deceleration to stop from a steady velocity with decreasing ground height applicable to a landing situation. The wing also undergoes a heaving and pitching motion during deceleration. We extend our results at two different initial angles of attack i.e. α0 = 15 and 45. During the heaving motion, the lift and drag forces increase to an initial peak force from the initial force value; this can be attributed to the change in effective angle of attack caused by changes in relative velocity. The initial peak force is even higher in the heaving and pitching motion case; however, in the later stages of this configuration, the aerodynamic forces drop rapidly. At the end of the motion, the leading edge vortex (LEV) on the heaving wing planform is large compared to the heaving and pitching wing planform. The rapid decrease in the lift force on the heaving and pitching wing planform is correlated to the detachment of the LEV and trailing edge vortex (TEV) from the wing surface. In the steady phase, the swept wing produced a relatively higher value of the forces compared to the rectangular wing planform. However, during the growth phase, the forces overlap between both the planform shapes. The fluid physics are explored and discussed in this study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAIAA Scitech 2020 Forum
PublisherAmerican Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA
ISBN (Print)9781624105951
StatePublished - 2020
EventAIAA Scitech Forum, 2020 - Orlando, United States
Duration: Jan 6 2020Jan 10 2020

Publication series

NameAIAA Scitech 2020 Forum
Volume1 PartF


ConferenceAIAA Scitech Forum, 2020
Country/TerritoryUnited States

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Aerospace Engineering


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