Using Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) and Internet of Things (IoT) for Localized Surface Temperature Forecasting in an Urban Environment

Manzhu Yu, Fangcao Xu, Weiming Hu, Jian Sun, Guido Cervone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

The rising temperature is one of the key indicators of a warming climate, capable of causing extensive stress to biological systems as well as built structures. Ambient temperature collected at ground level can have higher variability than regional weather forecasts, which fail to capture local dynamics. There remains a clear need for accurate air temperature prediction at the suburban scale at high temporal and spatial resolutions. This research proposed a framework based on a long short-term memory (LSTM) deep learning network to generate day-ahead hourly temperature forecasts with high spatial resolution. Air temperature observations are collected at a very fine scale (150m) along major roads of New York City (NYC) through the Internet of Things (IoT) data for 2019-2020. The network is a stacked two layer LSTM network, which is able to process the measurements from all sensor locations at the same time and is able to produce predictions for multiple future time steps simultaneously. Experiments showed that the LSTM network outperformed other traditional time series forecasting techniques, such as the persistence model, historical average, AutoRegressive Integrated Moving Average (ARIMA), and feedforward neural networks (FNN). In addition, historical weather observations are collected from in situ weather sensors (i.e., Weather Underground, WU) within the region for the past five years. Experiments were conducted to compare the performance of the LSTM network with different training datasets: 1) IoT data alone, or 2) IoT data with the historical five years of WU data. By leveraging the historical air temperature from WU, the LSTM model achieved a generally increased accuracy by being exposed to more historical patterns that might not be present in the IoT observations. Meanwhile, by using IoT observations, the spatial resolution of air temperature predictions is significantly improved.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)137406-137418
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Access
Volume9
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Computer Science
  • General Materials Science
  • General Engineering

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