Using qualitative methods to develop a measure of resident-to-resident elder mistreatment in nursing homes

Mildred Ramirez, Beverly Watkins, Jeanne A. Teresi, Stephanie Silver, Gail Sukha, Gabriel Bortagis, Kimberly Van Haitsma, Mark S. Lachs, Karl Pillemer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Background: Despite expansion of research on elder mistreatment, limited attention has been paid t. The development of improved measurement instruments. This gap is particularly notable regarding measurement of mistreatment in long-term care facilities. This paper demonstrate. The value of qualitative methods used in item development of a Resident-to-Resident Elder Mistreatment (R-REM) measure for use in nursing homes and other care facilities. It describe. The development strategy an. The modification and refinement of items using a variety of qualitative methods. Methods: A combination of qualitative methods was used to develop close-ended items to measure R-REM, including review by a panel of experts, focus groups, and in-depth cognitive interviews. Results: Information gathered fro. The multiple methods aided in flagging problematic items, helped to highligh. The nature o. The problems in measures, and provided suggestions for item modification and improvement. Conclusions: The method employed is potentially useful for future attempts to develop better measures of elder mistreatment. The employment of previously established measurement items drawn from related fields, modified through an intensive qualitative research strategy, is an effective strategy to improve elder mistreatment measurement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1245-1256
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Psychogeriatrics
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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