Vaginal Pessary Use and Management for Pelvic Organ Prolapse

Gwendolyn L. Hooper, Leah Moynihan, Ava Leegant, Jaime B. Long, Shanna Atnip, Megan Bradley, Amy Hull, Jeffrey L. Clemons

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Over the past 50 years, pessary use has increased in popularity and has become an essential pelvic organ prolapse (POP) management tool. However, evidence is lacking to define care standardization, including pessary fitting, routine maintenance, and management of pessary-related complications. This clinical consensus statement (CCS) on vaginal pessary use and management for POP reflects statements drafted by content experts from the American Urogynecologic Society and Society of Urologic Nurses and Associates. The purpose of this CCS is to identify areas of expert consensus and nonconsensus regarding pessary fitting, follow-up, and management of pessary complications to improve the safety and quality of care where evidence is currently limited. The American Urogynecologic Society and Society of Urologic Nurses and Associates' vaginal pessary for POP writing group used a modified Delphi process to assess statements that were evaluated for consensus after a structured literature search. A total of 31 statements were assessed and divided into 3 categories: (1) fitting and follow-up, (2) complications, and 3) quality of life. Of the 31 statements that were assessed, all statements reached consensus after 2 rounds of the Delphi survey. This CCS document hopefully serves as a first step toward standardization of pessary care, but the writing group acknowledges that improved research will grow the base of knowledge and evidence providing clinicians a foundation to manage pessary care effectively and confidently.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5-20
Number of pages16
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Surgery
  • Urology


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